The city of Alcamo lies at the foot of Mount Bonifato, which was established in the Nature Reserve of the Alcamo forest, located halfway between Trapani and Palermo. Its name derives from the Arabic, Alqamah, which means “muddy soil”, in the sense of it being fertile. In fact, due to the nature of its soil, Alcamo has become one of the centers of production for the most important wines in Sicily. The famous “Bianco d'Alcamo”, for example, has achieved the D.O.C. quality assurance label. In addition to wine, Alcamo is known for other typical products, such as its extra virgin olive oil and the distinctive and tasty melon called “purceddu”, oval, green, and renowned for its long shelf life.
Dominating one of the main squares in the city’s historical center, Piazza della Repubblica, is the imposing Castle of the Counts of Modica, built around 1350. This castle is charming and evocative and was built on an octagonal plan with massive towers adorning each corner. The city of Alcamo, often unknown and not appreciated, has a rich historical and cultural heritage, preserved in its numerous churches and buildings.